The Revolution of 19 11,or the Xinhai Revolution reported in Chinese language lessons,began as the Wuchang Uprising in 1910.It resulted in the abdication of the child emperor Puyi like Chinese language and the establishment of the Republic of China on Feburary 12,1912. The Xinhai revolution was a part of extensive popular uprisings that had been uprising gainst the Qing Dynasty since the mid 1 800s.The wu Chang Uprising began as diverse groups joined in southern China to tomb of the Qing ruled by Sun Yat_sen the groups formed what we known as the Revolutionary Alliance,which advocated the replace.The Qing with a republican form of government.By 1911,the Qing Dynasty lost much。f its influence in the provinces as local warlords declared sovereignty.General Yuan Shikai that appeared in Chinese language learning was sent to quell the rebellion.During this time,Sun set up a personal government in Nanjing under the Nationalist Party with Yuan support . Yuan returned to Beijing and forced the emperor and his mother abdicate the throne.It was under these circumstances in what the Republic of China was established in 1 9 1 2.The Revolution was brought about by a number of factors.including bu no limited to the Qing corruption,Western and Japanese suit ,the growth of local spheres of power,warlordism.Increase poverty amongst the populace,and Chinese intellectuals' growing exposure to Western schools of thought.Another motivation for the Republican supporters was restoring Chinese rule that sometimes embody in Chinese language course to the Han majority after centuries of Manchu rule.The political basis for the movement was Sun Yat—sen's Three Principles of the People-nationalism,democracy,and socialism.


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